How to know that you have a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) without doing a lab test
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also known as sexually transmitted diseases. They are transmitted by vaginal, anal or oral sex. Female symptoms of an STD could include:
- Vaginal itching
- Unusual flows
Many STIs have no symptoms. Without treatment, STIs can lead to fertility problems and increased risk of cervical cancer. These risks make it even more crucial to practice safer sex. The following symptoms indicate the presence of these infections.
1) Changes during urination
An STI may be indicated by pain or burning sensation during urination, the need to urinate more frequently or the presence of blood in the urine.
The burning sensation or pain when you urinate can be a symptom of many STDs, including herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis – as well as urinary tract infections, infections of the bladder or kidney stones.
2) Abnormal vaginal discharge
Although the flow is perfectly natural for women, it can be serious. The texture and consistency of vaginal discharges continually change during the woman’s menstrual cycle.
It all depends on the colour. A thick white discharge may be a sign of a yeast infection. When the discharge is yellow or green, this may indicate gonorrhoea. Any thick, white or smelly discharge should also be checked. If it continues to occur, make sure to see your doctor.
3) Itching in the vaginal area
Itching is a nonspecific symptom that may or may not be related to an STI. Causes of vaginal itching may include:
- Allergic reaction to a latex condom
- Lice or pubic mange
- Genital warts
- The first phases of most bacterial and viral STIs
4) Pain during sex
This symptom is often overlooked, but abdominal or pelvic pain can be a sign of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is most often caused by an advanced stage of infection with chlamydia or gonorrhoea.
Abdominal pain (or even testicular pain for men) that is continuous may indicate gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis.
The pain experienced during intercourse should also not be ignored. Go to your doctor to be diagnosed as soon as you can.
5) Abnormal bleeding
Abnormal bleeding is another possible sign of PID or other reproductive problems of an STI.
If you bleed irregularly, it could mean an infection or even cancer.
Although, in women, irregular bleeding may occur naturally from time to time, it is important that you consult the doctor if it becomes routine and you experience increased flow.
In addition, if you experience persistent bleeding after sex, you should be examined.
6) Rashes and wounds
Wounds or small pimples around the mouth or vagina may indicate herpes, HPV (human papillomavirus) or syphilis.
If sores or blisters burst around your genitals or in your mouth, this may seem obvious, but you should talk to the doctors as soon as you can, as this indicates that you may have contracted herpes.