Endometriosis during pregnancy: What is it?
Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that usually lines the uterus grows out of it, on and around the pelvic and abdominal organs. If you suffer from it, you are probably concern about how it will affect your pregnancy.
I – Endometriosis, fertility and pregnancy
About 30% of women with the condition have difficulty getting pregnant. It is thought that the reasons are related to:
- scarring of the tubes and ovaries of endometriosis
- problems with the quality of the egg
- problems with the embryo traveling in the tube and implantation in the lining of the uterus due to damage.
- change organs in the pelvis such as blocking the fallopian tubes
1) What are the signs ?
- The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, heavy sores, painful intercourse and severe menstrual pain. You may also feel tired.
- The good news is that while you are pregnant, you could get some relief from your symptoms.
2) Are there tests to detect endometriosis?
- Ultrasound, computed tomography and MRI can be used to exclude other diseases.
- But endometriosis can only be definitively diagnosed with surgery.
3) Cause of endometriosis
- No one is certain but according to one theory, some women are genetically predisposed to endometriosis.
- According to another theory, it is caused, at least in part, by the retrograde flow of menstrual fluid (when blood and cells of the endometrium flow to the fallopian tube). This can cause a leak of menstrual fluid into the abdomen.
- According to a third theory, the disorder could be caused by a problem with the immune system.
II – Endometriosis, pregnancy and childbirth
Recent studies have shown that if you suffer from it, medical care should not stop once you become pregnant. This disease is a risk factor for:
- premature birth – before 40 weeks
- bleeding after the 24th week of pregnancy
- high blood pressure (pre-eclampsia)
- cesarean delivery
1) How will this affect the baby ?
It should not affect the baby. At least one study suggests that endometriosis increases the risk of premature birth. But most affected women have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies.
2) What is the best way to treat endometriosis during pregnancy?
You will probably not be able to treat it during pregnancy. Outside pregnancy, it is often treated with hormones or surgery.
3) What to do to prevent it ?
There is really no way of prevention so far.