Bleeding during pregnancy : 13 causes and how to prevent it
Vaginal bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy is relatively common.
A certain amount of light bleeding or spots during pregnancy occurs on about 20% of pregnancies, and most of these women continue to have a healthy pregnancy.
In some cases, especially when there is heavy bleeding and clots (similar to menstrual bleeding), bleeding during pregnancy is a sign of a serious problem. Here are the most common causes of bleeding per trimester of pregnancy:
1) First trimester
- Implementation bleeding :
this is a bleeding that occurs when the fertilized egg is implanted in the mucosa of the uterus. This occurs around the time of the expected menstrual period. Implementation bleeding can occur before a woman realizes she is pregnant.
- Miscarriages :
Bleeding, abdominal pain and back pain are common signs of miscarriage.
- Attempted miscarriage :
The symptoms of an attempted miscarriage are bleeding and clots, but the cervix remains closed and the fetus is still viable.
- Chorionic haemorrhage :
in this condition, the blood gathers between the bag of water and the uterus wall.
- Ectopic Pregnancy :
mild vaginal bleeding and increased abdominal pain may indicate the presence of an ectopic pregnancy.
- Changes in the cervix :
The normal production of hormones during pregnancy can cause changes to the cervix, making it sweeter and more conducive to bleeding. In addition, a cervical polyp (a benign proliferation of tissue) can form, which can deteriorate more easily during pregnancy. In both cases, mild spots or bleeding may be caused by sexual intercourse or pelvic examination.
- Infection :
A vaginal infection can cause spontaneous vaginal bleeding. Bleeding may be accompanied by abnormal vaginal discharge.
2) Second and third trimester of pregnancy
Bleeding in advanced pregnancy may be due to a number of causes including:
- Sex or even an internal (pelvic) exam by a doctor can cause mild bleeding.
- Problems of the cervix, including cervical insufficiency (when the cervix opens too early in pregnancy)
- An infection of the cervix, can cause bleeding.
- Placenta prævia
- Early labour
- Uterine or placental abruption.
3) When go to the hospital about bleeding during pregnancy
Whenever you notice bleeding during any stage of pregnancy, you should call your doctor. It is especially important to consult a doctor if the bleeding is heavy (such as a menstrual period) or accompanied by pain or cramps.
- Antenatal control :
make at least 4 visits to the hospital and respect the appointment days.
- Avoid difficult tasks / hard work:
Difficult tasks can cause stomach damage and bleeding.
- Always check for any symptoms:
Whenever you have any suspicious symptoms, please call your doctor or ask your question at 8566.
- Rest :
Do you have enough rest?
- Check your due date:
it helps you know the cause of the bleeding.
- Avoid sex :
if you have a difficult pregnancy before or a complicated pregnancy, avoid sex.
- Do all antenatal tests:
Tests will help detect infections in time to treat them.