3 most important facts about measles in babies
Measles is a viral eruptive fever. The baby coughs, has a high fever, pimples in the mouth or on the body. Mildly regarded as benign, measles can have serious consequences. That’s why baby vaccination is highly recommended to prevent measles.
What is measles in babies ?
Measles is a viral disease. Very contagious, measles is transmitted by the propulsion of saliva droplets of an infected baby or adult. But it is an immunizing disease, that is to say, it can not be more than once.
Measles causes a febrile rash in the baby. Ten days after being infected with the measles virus, the fever increases sharply between 39 and 41 ° C and is associated with symptoms that resemble a cold, the first characteristic signs of measles appear as small white spots on the play. After four or five days, they disappear and the body is covered with pink-red buds. First located on the face and neck, rash will then cover the whole body of baby. The rash will fade after six or seven days and the fever will decrease at the same time. Tiredness in the baby will persist for ten days.
Measles sometimes causes respiratory, neurological, digestive or ocular complications. As a result, the baby may have lung or ENT infections, or even meningitis or encephalitis.
How is measles diagnosed ?
For reasons of public health, the diagnosis of measles should be made as top as possible. Indeed, given the extreme contagiousness of measles, we must protect his entourage! You need to see your doctor if you have cold-like symptoms associated with high fever.
The doctor will ask you about the baby’s history and his vaccines. Looking into his mouth, he will see the small white patches, called Koplik spots characteristic of measles. And if the rash has already occurred, there will be no doubt, the baby with measles.
How to prevent and treat measles in babies?
The only thing you can do to stop baby from getting measles is to vaccinate him. The vaccine is injected with MMR, which prevents measles, mumps and rubella. The first dose is given at 12 months, the second at 16 to 18 months. According to the recommendations of the new vaccination schedule, all children aged 24 months should have received two doses of this trivalent vaccine. If your baby has not been vaccinated and a measles is diagnosed, his body will fight it and he will heal over time. It is a viral infection and the treatment of measles is therefore to relieve symptoms. The doctor will prescribe medication to reduce fever, cough and sore throat. If he judges there is a risk of bacterial superinfection, he can prescribe antibiotics.